Types of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases in America, affecting nearly 65 million adults over age 30. There are two types of periodontal disease – gingivitis and periodontitis. Each refers to an accumulation of bacteria along the gum line, though one is more severe than the other.

  • Gingivitis – the least invasive form of periodontal disease; features minimal symptoms, such as reddening, swelling and easy bleeding along the gum line.
  • Periodontitis – the most serious form of periodontal disease; causes the gums to recede and pull away from the teeth.

Did you know…

that in addition to being one of the most prevalent diseases in America, periodontal disease is also one of the most preventable? Proper brushing and flossing techniques can help prevent the accumulation of tartar, which harbor harmful bacteria along the gum line. According to the American Academy of Periodontology, certain lifestyle habits and systemic conditions like smoking and diabetes can also contribute to the development of periodontal disease. Talk to your Sunnyvale periodontist or dentist about the changes you can make to reduce your chances of developing gingivitis or periodontitis.